Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2017
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of presentation
The financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The accompanying interim financial statements are condensed and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s latest annual financial statements as of December 31, 2016 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 31, 2017. It is management’s opinion that all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods have been made, and all such adjustments were of a normal recurring nature.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
In accordance with ASU No. 2014-15 Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40), the Company’s management evaluates whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued.
At September 30, 2017, the Company has an accumulated deficit since inception of $26,677,465 as well as negative cash flows from operations and had negative working capital of $4,686,026. As of November 8, 2017, the Company had remaining cash of $7,870 which will not be sufficient to meet its plans in the next twelve months from issuance of these financial statements. These factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. Since January 1, 2015, to maintain operations, the Company has generated cash through sales and enforcement of its patents of approximately $7.55 million, sales and licensing revenue from its subsidiary in the ECS business of approximately $363,000, increased debt borrowing from the Senior Lender (as defined below) of $1,126,900, sale of convertible preferred stock of approximately $1.5 million (net of issuance costs and partial redemption), and approximately $8.1 million from the sale of common stock (net of issuance costs). Management will seek to continue operations primarily with revenue received through the Inventergy Innovations commercialization programs and the Company’s share of net patent monetization revenue from the PRIP (see Note 3), but the Company anticipates it will need to seek additional financing through loans and/or the sale of securities. If the Company is required to raise additional financing capital, it may not be able to obtain such additional capital on acceptable terms or at all and the Company may not succeed in its future operations. Additionally, if the Company raises capital through the issuance of equity, current stockholders will experience dilution. If the Company cannot successfully raise additional capital and implement its strategic development plan, its liquidity, financial condition and business prospects will be materially and adversely affected, and the Company may have to cease operations.
The transfer of the Patents to INVT SPE under the PRIP, which was completed in April 2017, resulted in the net book value of the Patents being removed from our balance sheet as of April 30, 2017. In addition, the Senior Notes (as defined below) and revenue share liabilities were extinguished as of that date. The net impact on liquidity from these transactions was a decrease in interest expense, a decrease in patent maintenance costs, and a decrease in legal fees. However, the business will need additional capital and/or revenues to continue to execute the Company’s business plan, which will be used to fund operating expenses and Inventergy Innovations partner acquisition expenses. Based on the Company’s internal planning for 2017 and 2018, which anticipates certain cash inflows and revenue from the Inventergy Innovations commercialization deal pipeline expected to close during 2018 and beyond, estimated cash expenditures for operating expenses will be approximately $3.2 million for the next twelve months, consisting of approximately $1.9 million in personnel related costs (including costs related to third party consultants performing outsourced functions), $0.2 million in facilities and infrastructure costs and $1.1 million in other operational costs. Based on the foregoing and our existing cash balances and proactive measures to reduce expenses and defer obligations where possible, our management believes we have funds sufficient to meet our anticipated needs for less than two months from the filing date of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern; however, the above conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to do so. The financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classifications of liabilities that may result should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.
Management estimates and related risks
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions about the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities, at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported periods. Although these estimates reflect management's best estimates, it is at least reasonably possible that a material change to these estimates could occur in the near term.
Cash and cash equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments with original maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents.
Accounts Receivable
Accounts receivable are stated net of allowances for doubtful accounts. The Company typically grants standard credit terms to customers in good credit standing. The Company generally reserves for estimated uncollectible accounts on a customer-by-customer basis, which requires judgment about each individual customer’s ability and intention to fully pay account balances. The Company makes these judgments based on knowledge of and relationships with customers and current economic trends, and updates estimates on a monthly basis. Any changes in estimate, which can be significant, are included in earnings in the period in which the change in estimate occurs. As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company has not established any reserves for uncollectable accounts.
Property and equipment
Property and equipment are recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization are computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets (or the term of the lease, if shorter), which range from three to five years. Routine maintenance and repair costs are expensed as incurred. The costs of major additions, replacements and improvements are capitalized. Upon retirement, sale or disposal, the cost of assets disposed of and the related accumulated depreciation is removed and any resulting gain or loss is credited or charged to operations.
Intangible Assets
As of December 31, 2016, intangible assets consisted of certain contract rights acquired in the Merger, and were being amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful life of five years. As of June 30, 2017, the remaining balance of intangible assets was written off due to declining revenue from these contract rights.
Impairment of long-lived assets
The Company evaluates the carrying value of long-lived assets on an annual basis, or more frequently whenever circumstances indicate a long-lived asset may be impaired. When indicators of impairment exist, the Company estimates future undiscounted cash flows attributable to such assets. In the event cash flows are not expected to be sufficient to recover the recorded value of the assets, the assets are written down to their estimated fair value. As mentioned in the previous paragraph, intangible assets were written off in the three-month period ended June 30, 2017. Also, as explained more fully in Note 3, goodwill and the remaining net book value of patent assets were written off in the three-month period ended June 30, 2017 as part of a debt extinguishment.
Concentration of credit risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to a concentration of credit risk consist of cash and cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents are deposited with high quality financial institutions. Periodically, such balances are in excess of federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses due to concentration of credit risk.
Stock-based compensation
The Company has a stock option plan under which incentive and non-qualified stock options and restricted stock awards (“RSAs”) are granted primarily to employees. All share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options and RSAs, are recognized in the financial statements based on their respective grant date fair values. The benefits of tax deductions in excess of recognized compensation cost are reported as an operating cash flow.
The Company estimates the fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense ratably over the requisite service periods in the Company’s statements operations. The Company has estimated the fair value of each option award as of the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The fair value of RSAs is calculated as the fair value of the underlying stock multiplied by the number of shares awarded. The awards issued consist of fully-vested stock awards, performance-based restricted shares, and service-based restricted shares.
Expenses related to stock-based awards issued to non-employees are recognized at fair value on a recurring basis over the expected service period. The Company estimates the fair value of the awards using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.
Income taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method whereby deferred tax asset and liability account balances are determined based on temporary differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. A valuation allowance is established when it is more likely than not that deferred tax assets will not be realized. Realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon future pretax earnings, the reversal of temporary differences between book and tax income, and the expected tax rates in future periods. The Company has a full valuation allowance on all deferred tax assets.
The Company is required to evaluate the tax positions taken in the course of preparing its tax returns to determine whether tax positions are “more-likely-than-not” of being sustained by the applicable tax authority. Tax benefits of positions not deemed to meet the more-likely-than-not threshold would be recorded as a tax expense in the current year. The amount recognized is subject to estimate and management judgment with respect to the likely outcome of each uncertain tax position. The amount that is ultimately sustained for an individual uncertain tax position or for all uncertain tax positions in the aggregate could differ from the amount that is initially recognized.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued ASU No. 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)". The amendments under this pronouncement will change the way all leases with a duration of one year of more are treated. Under this guidance, lessees will be required to capitalize virtually all leases on the balance sheet as a right-of-use asset and an associated financing lease liability or capital lease liability. The right-of-use asset represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the specified lease term. The lease liability represents the lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease, measured on a discounted basis. Based on certain characteristics, leases are classified as financing leases or operating leases. Financing lease liabilities, those that contain provisions similar to capitalized leases, are amortized like capital leases are under current accounting standards, as amortization expense and interest expense in the statement of operations. Operating lease liabilities are amortized on a straight-line basis over the life of the lease as lease expense in the statement of operations. This update is effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within those reporting periods, beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this standard will have on its policies and procedures pertaining to its existing and future lease arrangements, disclosure requirements and on its consolidated financial statements.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments – Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which amends the guidance in U.S. GAAP on the classification and measurement of financial instruments. Changes to the current guidance primarily affect the accounting for equity investments, financial liabilities under the fair value option, and the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this accounting standard.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (Topic 350), which eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Instead, an entity should perform its annual or interim goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount and recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. The Company will adopt the standard effective October 1, 2020. The adoption is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued a new financial accounting standard which outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes current revenue recognition guidance. ASU 2014-09 Revenue from Contracts with Customers is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim reporting periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is not permitted. The new standard may be adopted retrospectively for all periods presented, or adopted using a modified retrospective approach. Under the retrospective approach, the fiscal 2016 financial statements would be adjusted to reflect the effects of applying the new standard on that period. Under the modified retrospective approach, the new standard would only be applied for the period beginning January 1, 2017 to new contracts and those contracts that are not yet complete at January 1, 2017, with a cumulative catch-up adjustment recorded to beginning retained earnings for existing contracts that still require performance. We implemented this standard using the modified retrospective approach beginning January 1, 2017. The revenue contract the Company had at that time was a patent licensing agreement, which contained a right to use provisions over a specified time period. In the case of Inventergy Innovations, customer agreements provide for payments to the Company upon the completion of IP monetization transactions, none of which have occurred to date. The implementation of ASU 2014-09 did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements and related disclosures.
In November 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows. This ASU provides guidance on the presentation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash in the statement of cash flows to reduce the current diversity in practice. The amendments in this update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company has adopted this standard for its fiscal year 2017. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In March 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This Update is part of the FASB’s simplification initiative. The areas of simplification involve several aspects of accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The new standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company has adopted this standard for its fiscal year 2017. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.